Stands for “Information and Communication Technologies.” ICT refers to technologies that offer access to data through telecommunications.
it’s the same as data Technology (IT), however focuses totally on communication technologies.
This includes the net, wireless networks, cell phones, and different communication mediums.
Information and communication technologies (ICE) are wide adopted and
exploited in most instructional establishments so as to support e-Learning through
different learning methodologies, ICE solutions, and style paradigms. particularly,
over the past decade computer-supported cooperative learning (CSCL) has become
one of the foremost influential learning paradigms dedicated to rising teaching and
learning with the assistance of recent data and communication technology. In
order to support CSCL implementation, several learning management systems (LMSs)
have appeared within the marketplace and therefore the e-Learning stakeholders (ie, e-Learning
designers and managers, tutors, and students) ar progressively rigorous new
requirements. Among these necessities, data security (IS) could be a vital
factor concerned in CSCL processes deployed in LMSs, that determines the correct
However, in step with Weippl and Eibl
CSCL services ar typically designed and enforced while not a lot of thought
The lack of security in e-Learning is additionally supported by sensible and real
As a matter of reality, recent attack reports have incontestable
a significant quantity of real-life security attacks seasoned by organizations and
The CyberSecurity Watch Survey could be a cooperative survey
research conducted by leading corporations and academic establishments .
reveals that security attacks ar a reality for many organizations: eighty one of respondents’
organizations have seasoned a security event (ie, associate adverse event that threatens
Since LMS ar code packages that integrate tools that support CSCL activi-
have shown however net application servers and management systems, which
usually support LMS infrastructure, ar deployed with security flaws. managing
more technological details related to LMSs, the Trustwave world Security Report
shows however net application servers and management systems ar deployed
with security vulnerabilities .Moreover potential LMS attacks are often studied by
Announcements , forty nine serious vulnerabilities were according in 2013.
Theoretical variations between interpersonal-communication technologies and mass-communication technologies ar known by the thinker Piyush Mathur.
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